Average ocean temperature
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#temperature #oceans #degrees
Not very hot!
But not very surprising either, when you consider that the average depth of the oceans is 3,682 metres and that only the first 200 metres are bathed in sunlight. In the ocean, the water is mainly heated by the sun’s rays. As the temperature of the water is scientifically linked to the amount of heat contained in a drop, these first 200 metres constitute what is known as the “euphotic” layer, the layer to which light penetrates and where photosynthesis can develop.
Logically enough, the warmest waters are found on the surface of equatorial regions, where solar heating is at its maximum. On the other hand, the poles are home to the coldest waters, which can sometimes reach negative temperatures in winter. In the Western Equatorial Pacific, oceanographers speak of a “warm water pool” to refer to the large volume of warm water present over several kilometres and which reaches temperatures close to 30°C.
Oceanographers are constantly trying to measure temperature because it is an essential physical property of seawater. In the ocean, salinity and water temperature constitute what are known as ‘tracers’: together they allow the density of seawater to be calculated, the density that constitutes the identity card of each of the masses of water that perpetually agitate the oceans.
The high seas cover almost half of the world’s surface and 64% of the oceans. Most of the world is not owned by any nation and this unowned area is mainly aquatic.
Finding an average of 34.7 grams of salt per litre of seawater is no mystery: since the dawn of time, the sea has been a large body of salt water!
Oceanographers are constantly trying to measure temperature because it is an essential physical property of seawater.
The Earth's surface covers more than 510 million square kilometres, but less than 30% of this surface is covered by land.
3800 metres is the average depth of the ocean, but it reaches 11,020 metres in the Mariana Trench in the northwestern part of the Pacific Ocean (coordinates 11° 21′ North Latitude and 142° 12′ East Longitude).